About Armenia

Rockwell Kent, an American painter wrote: ‘If I were asked where on the Planet one can meet more miracles, I would have undoubtedly called Armenia first. Here, in this tiny corner of the world, you can see mountains and meet people that can become treasure and pride for the world…’

Armenia is one of the cradles of human civilization with a recorded history of about 3,500 years. Immodestly, Armenians consider themselves direct descendants of Noah, survivor of the Biblical flood and since ‘Noah’s times’ the nation has been cultivating land, building dwellings, citadels, bridges and castles. In ancient maps Armenia stretches from the Caspian to the Black and Mediterranean seas, that’s why the wording ‘from sea to sea’ rests in the memory of nation. Armenia is also called ‘an island of mountains,’ as it’s situated within the Alp-Himalayas system. One of the amazing things about visiting Armenia is that the more you look around, the older the place gets.

Ancient Armenia was one of the largest states of the Middle East. It became especially powerful under the Armenian king Tigranes the Great. Situated at the crossroads, Armenia attracted the attention of the powerful countries surrounding it. It had a long and eventful history surviving through many dramatic days and destructive invasions. In its constant and unequal fight Armenia lost the greatest part of its territory and its sovereignty. But even under the worst conditions it has never lost its language, culture, religion and wish to create.  The Armenian people expressed their tragic experience in their brilliant epos ‘David of Sasun.’

Armenia became the first Christian state in the history of the world in 301 AD. And in 405 AD, the Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrop Mashtots – one of the sacred men of the nation. The first sentence written in Armenian was ‘To comprehend the wisdom and edification and to know the deeds of the genius.’

At the beginning of the XX century Armenia suffered from extremely harsh treatment by its close neighbor Turkey when the west Armenians were massacred by the Turkish government in 1915. In 1918 Armenia declared itself an independent state; but it only lasted until 1922 when the country was incorporated into the USSR.

On September 21, 1991 Armenia proclaimed independence. Today Armenia is developing its sovereign and democratic institutions. The head of state is the president elected by direct popular vote. The president has the power to appoint the Prime Minister who selects government ministers. The highest legislative body is the parliament. The country is a member of Commonwealth of Independent countries (CIS). In 1922 it became a member of the United Nations Organization (UNO).

Armenia is a rocky country. The legend relates that God, intending to test the diligence and patience of the nation, granted him the rockiest part of the Earth. And the people used stones to worship God. They built magnificent churches in the most inaccessible places and carved unique cross-stones, which have become one of the symbols of the nation.

Armenia is a country of contrasts. In this small piece of land sultry summer and eternal winter exist almost side by side. The valleys can be as hot as tropics, while mountains are covered with snow all year round.

The Republic of Armenia lies in the northeastern part of the Armenian plateau, between the Caucasus and Asia Minor, in other words, it is located in the Transcaucasia region of Western Asia. In the north and east it borders upon the republics of Georgia and Azerbaijan, in the west and south upon Turkey and Iran.